Health Benefits - Develop support body coordination & strength as well as improving lower body functions. Kick Some Ice... - Provide a powerful tool for social change, understanding and acceptance, especially regarding attitudes toward persons with disabilities.
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About - Curling
Wheelchair curling began in Europe several years ago and has now crossed the ocean to Canada and the United States. The sport involves teams of four people taking turns throwing polished granite stones/rocks weighing 42 pounds down the ice into a series of colored circles that collectively, are called "the house".

Curling in motion

Curling is believed to have originated in Scotland as early as 1500. The Scottish first used stones that had been worn smooth by the strong underwater currents at the bottom of a river. The sport is now enjoyed all over the world in a an estimated 30 countries. It is most popular in Canada, Scotland, and the United States.


Equals on the Ice - Curling is one of only a few sports that can easily include a wheelchair user playing equally with an able-bodied player. It can also include  electric wheelchair and scooter users.
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Glossary of Curling Terms

Bonspiels - curling tournaments

Broom - the instrument used to sweep the ice. Brooms with brush heads are most common.

Curl - a turn of the rock's handle upon release makes the rock curl, or curve, as it travels down the ice. The rock curls in the direction of the turn.

Delivery - the body of motion of a curler as the rock is being shot.

Draw - a rock that stops in front of, or in the house.

End - One end is complete when all 16 rocks (eight per team) have been thrown to one end. A game is usually eight ends, or about two hours. Championship games are 10 ends or about 2 1/2 hours. After each end, the score is determined.

Freeze - a draw that finishes in front of and next to another rock.

Guard - a rock between the hog line and the house used to prevent the opposition from hitting a rock in the house.

Hack - a rubber foothold from which curlers deliver the rock. It is about 125 feet from the scoring area.

Hammer - the last rock of each end.

Hog Lines - Located 21 feet from each tee. A rock must be released before the near hog line, and travel beyond the far hog line, or it is removed from play.

House - the round scoring area, 12 feet in diameter, with concentric circles of four and eight feet in diameter inside.

Hurry - a command shouted by the skip to tell the sweepers to sweep.


Keen Ice - when the ice is "fast" and less momentum is needed on the rock.

Lead - the player who delivers the first two rocks of each end, alternating with the opponent's lead.

Narrow - a rock delivered inside the intended line of delivery.

Raise - a draw that raises another rock into the house.

Rink - a curling team, which consists of four players, the skip, third (vice-skip), and lead. Players are involved in every shot, with one shooting, two sweeping, and one calling strategy. Two rinks play against each other.

Rocks - also known as stones, are made of rare, dense, polished granite and quarried on Ailsa Craig, off Scotland. Each rock weighs 42 pounds.

Scoring - only one risk scores each end - the rink with the closest rock(s) to the center of the house. The team with the highest score at the end of a game wins. The maximum score in each end is eight, which is very rare. Typically, one to three points are scored per end.

Second - the player who delivers the second two rocks of each end, alternating with the opponent's second.

Sheet - the 146-ft. long ice area. The sheet's design allows play in both directions.


Skip - player who holds the broom as a target for shots by the other three players. Skips are team strategists and must study, or read, the ice, judge the amount of curl, and select the shots. Skips usually throw the last two rocks of each end.

Slider - worn on the sliding foot, in the delivery of a stone to allow for long, smooth motion and follow through.

Straight Ice - when the ice is not curling much.

Sweeping - players sweep to make the rock travel farther or keep it from curling too much. Good sweepers can increase the distance a stone travels by more than 10 feet. Sweeping creates a thin film of water under the rock that allows it to glide easier. Two players are ready to sweep each shot.

"Swingy" Ice - when the ice is curling a lot.

Takeout - a rock that removes another rock from play.

Tee - center of the house.

Third - the player who delivers the third two rocks of each end, alternating with the opponent's third. The player who holds the broom for the skip, and who assists the skip with game strategy. Also known as a vice skip.

Wide - a rock delivered outside the line of delivery.